Irrigation systems, also called irrigation systems, provide a controlled supply of water, either through a direct connection to an outside source, or a system of pipes that transport water directly to a house or building. Irrigation can either be a surface-based system, such as a sprinkler system; an overhead system like that of a hydro-spray system; or a drip system, such as the common irrigation systems used in urban settings. There are three basic types of irrigation systems available: surface, hydro-spray, and drip.
A surface irrigation system is a simple system consisting of a few tanks connected to an external source of water. This type of irrigation equipment consists of a large tank placed on a slope, with an irrigation nozzle connected to this tank. The water, which is gravity fed, flows into the tanks and then the filtered water is dispensed from the tanks to the plants in an indirect fashion. This is a simple and effective method of irrigation. However, it can have limitations such as areas covered by vegetation and varying amounts of water delivered per plant.
Overhead irrigation systems are installed high up in a structure. These can range from small pump-driven units powered by electricity to water hoses that attach directly to the house’s plumbing system. They are used to provide shallow watering, usually for landscape plants. The pump drive is controlled by an electric motor. This is the most expensive type of irrigation system used because it can deliver far more water at one time than other types.
Hydro-spraying systems employ a controlled amount of water, delivered by a hose, directed to the area being watered. This system is very efficient and can be a far more economical choice for larger areas than other irrigation systems. The water is delivered at an angle, to avoid over-watering areas that need less. The water is also released slowly, and without much pressure, to ensure that plants receive the same benefit from the water they need, regardless of how much rainfall falls on the soil. This type of irrigation requires far less maintenance than other methods, as well.
Most landscape irrigation systems are considered passive irrigation systems because all of the water used is passed through the root system of the plants. This process allows water to penetrate deep into the soil to help water the plants. In some cases, a water-absorbing mat can be placed beneath the plants, in order to help absorb the excess rain that falls on the ground. In some cases, a water-repellant coating is applied to the leaves of the plants, in order to reduce the amount of damage caused by falling rain.
Another commonly used type of irrigation system is called “drip irrigation systems.” These systems can be used in yards of any size, covering a wide variety of different types of plants. Basically, this works in two ways. First, a fine spray of water is released from a nozzle attached to plant growth, so that the roots will get a good amount of water and oxygen.
Then, the water is used worldwide on a large scale. Basically, a large “tunnel” is dug beneath the surface of the soil, and trenches with water barrels or tanks are dug into the ground around the plants. Then, rows of them are placed along the trench, and a rotating belt moves them around the plants in a pattern. When a plant needs more water, it is moved to the next location. This type of irrigation system has been used for decades.
For low flow, or “low spray” systems, the plants don’t get as much water. Two main types of low flow irrigation systems are known as the rotary broom and the zero stage. The rotary broom uses a low-velocity stream of water, and it works by spraying a jet of water at the ground. This low-speed stream isn’t too forceful, so the roots can absorb some of the water. In this type of system, there is a constant pressure and very little variation in the amount of water that is released.